Good Farming Practices



With the increase of the world population, the increase of food demand has caused that the aim is towards quantitative increase rather than quality. The selective and quality searching trends of the conscious consumers caused food security investigation. With the increase of the selectivity of the consumers, the traceability of foods, observation and certification by independent institutions in agricultural production became a requirement.

The base of the system is formed by that the producers are volunteers. The producers want that the audit is done voluntary and that the certificated products are subject to competition and they aim to reach safe markets.

Advantages of Good Farming Applications to the Producers:

  1. Certificated products are preferred in domestic and foreign markets
  2. Production Standard is increasing to international level.
  3. They can form their own brands according to international Standard and regulations.
  4. They have the chance to make cheap and effective advertisement by providing consumer trust.
  5. The dignity of the environment friendly and respectful producer increases in the eye of the consumer.
  6. Market chance and quality for products enlarges




  • Fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Flowers and Decoration Plants
  • Seedlings and Arboriculture
  • Field Plants


Today widely used certification Standard and regulations are determined as Organic Agriculture, Good Farming Practices and Globalgap. Also there are special standards towards big consumer groups.

Since qualified production and food security gained importance in agricultural works, Good Farming Practices exist.

At the end of the 1990s, Good Farming Practices started for food security in fresh fruits and vegetables were started by the ABD Ministry of Agriculture (USDA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In the same period, World Food Association started to establish the Good Farming Practices. It has been demanded that the producers comply with these principals for fresh fruits and vegetables with the EurepGAP protocol in 1999 by the European retailers Product Worker Group.

As from 7 September 2007, EUREGAP is defined as GLOBALGAP.

In our country İTU is known as Good Farming Practices.

Good farming practices can be applied to individual producers and producer groups who want to raise controlled and certificated products (eg cooperatives, big exporters, packing houses etc.). Thanks to ITU, with the quality of agricultural production quality, it is demanded from the producer/farmer groups to meet the Quality Management System document provisions and to be sufficient in order to manage the relations between producers. So, it creates a quality in terms of facilities beside agricultural production.

The main principles of Good Farming Practices are; controlled and monitored safe food production, protective against environment, worker health and prosperity and a system aiming aware source usage. ITU especially covers agricultural production and processing facilities.

There are special standards especially for those productions:

  • Fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Flowers and decoration plants
  • Agricultural products and livestock in general


A product with a good farming practice certificate shows the followings:

  • It doesn’t contain chemical, microbiological, physical ruins which are harmful to human health
  • It is produced without polluting environment and natural balance,
  • It doesn’t create negative effects on the life quality during and after production of the people or other livings
  • Appropriate procedures complying with the country’s agricultural regulation in which the products are raised and production is done are applied
  • Requirements for Food Security, Environment Protection, Professional Health, Security and Animal Prosperity forming the base of Good Farming Practices are met.

Technical requirements (Control points and Adaptation Criteria)

The summary of main technical requirements of İTU/ Globalgap for fresh fruit and vegetable production is presented below:

  • Traceability: The products shall be traced from the farm until the production.
  • Internal Control: The producer shall realize internal control about ITU at least one time in a year.
  • Varieties and seedlings: Seed and seedling applications shall be recorded and quality control studies shall be done to the production materials which are produced or purchased. Usages of GDO, shall be appropriate to the laws of the country in which the production is made.
  • Land history and land management: The history of the land new for production shall be validated and a definition system of the land or green house shall be put into practice.
  • Soil and Substrate usage: If soil and substrate fumigations are done, it shall be explained and recorded.
  • Fertilizer usage: Fertilizer usage must be recorded. The fertilizer depot and machines shall be kept well and human sewage silage shouldn’t be used.
  • Watering: Watering water quality shall be evaluated according to analysis results by taking into account the climate, soil and plant in necessary situations. Waters which are not subject to necessary cleaning cannot be used as watering water. While selecting the watering method, the quality and quantity of the watery resources shall be taken into account.
  • Plant protection: Integration harmful method shall be used. The aim of ITU is to use minimal chemicals in agriculture. Proffering more biological fighting methods, that the chemicals comply with the legislation of the country, taking into account the environment health, worker prosperity shall be regarded. So, working together with agriculture engineer shall be provided. The usage of plant protection chemicals shall be done carefully and the empty boxes shall be collected and carefully demolished.


1. Application

The manufacturer should make the informations as production area, product type, and number of producers definite.

  • to get in touch with the manufacturer and to give the application form
  • application of the manufacturer and evaluation of the application form
  • preparation of the price offer and its reporting
  • receiving the approval of the manufacturer and sign of the contract
  • transmission of the documents with contract and pricing details.

2. Review of the Document

The manufacturer should submit the documents completely.

  • The manufacturer transmits the producing informations (manufacturer, product, list of production area and entry list)
  • The manufacturer should submit business information (operating lines, company settlement plan, entry list and other documents)
  • The manufacturer should submit internal assessment results and production plan.
  • Application file should be prepared and submitted to TRB and will be approved.

3. Control

The communication with manufacturer should be provided for the determination of the controller and date of control. At least %10 of the controls is made without notice.

  • Determination of the control dates and controller and notification of them to manufacturer
  • Control of the production area (manufacturer, production area and control of the warehouses, sampling)
  • Control of the business (operating lines, warehouses and other units)
  • Control of the documents (inventory data, input-output controls)
  • Sampling and analysis
  • Preparing the check report

4. Certification

The staff included in the approval process of control and control reports don’t exist in certification.

  • Evaluation of the report
  • Approval of the certification committee report
  • Delivering the report and certificate to the promoter

5. Suspension and Withdrawal of the Document (Cancellation)

Suspension realizes by presenting all the related evidences, documentations and reports to the Certification Registration Committee for evaluation. The certification committee can provide that the document is suspended for one-six months.

In such a situation:

  • If suspension happens; producer is informed in written with a Suspension Notification Form.
  • The usage of the TRB logo and ITU Certificate is stopped and if the TRB specifications are violated, it is notified in written that the Certification can be withdrawn.
  • If the Certification is suspended, it will be declared in the certificated institutions list on the TRB web site with the “Certification is Suspended” inscription.
  • The costs which can exist during the suspension period of TRB will be met by the customer.
  • If the certification is withdrawn, TRB shall notify the public with the “Certification is Withdrawn or Certification is Cancelled” inscription within the certificated institutions list in its own web site.

6. False usage of the Document

After taking the agricultural facility certificate from TRB, the usage of it is followed. Certificate usage in different fields is followed with periodical controls. The complaints of the customers are analyzed and if there is a situation against the rules of using the TRB brand, it is demanded from the facility to do a corrective action.

The false usage of the document can be as follows;

  • Usage for products and services which are not within the document scope,
  • When the document is out of time, is cancelled or suspended

If a corrective action is not taken within the determined period, TRB firstly announces the cancellation of the document and an application is made to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas.

7. Document and Logo Usage

The institutions which took the ITU certificate from TRB have to use the TRB certificate and logo according to its rules. TRB logo has been registered by the Turkish Patent Institute. TRB guarantees that the agricultural facilities don’t use it without written permission.
TRB logo is used according to “Document and Logo Usage Rules”

In our country ITU applications are being carried out as Euregap/Globalgap.