ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Standard
ISO 14001:2004 wants from the institutions that they determine the environmental effect of their activities, products and services and evaluate them, control their measure effects, take some measures against pollution and develop their environmental performances.
ISO 14001:2004 Environmental Management System Standard; is a Standard which decreases the damages of the industrial facilities, supports to provide benefit in terms of finance by decreasing raw material and energy consumption.
ISO 14001:2004 is a step in order to protect natural structure and environment features.
ISO 14001:2004 has common system principles with the ISO 9001 Quality Management System and so a facility which has a quality management system can integrate the ISO 14001 system to its current system.
What is ISO 14001:2004?
It is the series of standard established by ISO in order to provide systematic management of companies for the issues related to environment.
Historical Development of ISO 14001
- In 1973,1st Action Plan of European Union Principles was published(in order to implement environmental protection measures)
- In 1992, ISO/TC 207 Environmental Management Technical Committee was established by ISO in order to develop 14000 series.
- In 1992,Rio Declaration was established.
- In 1993,ISO/TC 207 Environmental Management Technical Committee was established by ISO in order to develop 14000 series.
- In 1994, TS 9719 standard
- In 1996,EN ISO 14001 standard
- In 1997, TS EN ISO 14001 standard
- In 2004,TS EN ISO 14001 standard
What does ISO 14001 System provide?
- Advantage in international competition
- Increase on business reputation
- Increase of market share
- Reduction on actions resulted with responsibility by getting ready against emergency and accidents
- Control and decrease of pollution
- Supply of energy save and input materials
- Facilitation of reviving permission and authorization documents.
Some Definitions related to ISO 14001
ENVIRONMENT: It is a circle containing air, water, soil, natural sources, plant communities (flora), animal communities (fauna), human and relations between them where the organization carries out its activities.
ENVIRONMENT SIZE: These are the elements of activities, product or services of the organization which interact with environment.
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT: All type of negative or positive changes arouse from the activities, products or services of the organization partially or completely.
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: It is the statement made by the organization to explain principles and intentions related to general environmental performance and to form a frame with environmental purposes and targets.